Will Eating Too Much Soy Make Men Change into Women?
食用過多的黃豆製品會讓男人變成女人?

語音播放:

In recent years, an increasing number of people in Western countries have been adopting a vegetarian diet for many reasons. Chief among them is that a vegetarian diet is healthier and also better for the earth, since meat production requires much larger areas of land and is one of the biggest emitters of greenhouse gases.

最近這幾年,西方國家有愈來愈多人因為各種原因吃素。最主要的原因是素食餐點比較健康,也對地球比較好。因為肉類製品需要更多的土地,也是溫室氣體最大的排放者之一。

語音播放:

Many Western vegetarians consume a lot of soy-based products in an attempt to replace the animal-derived products they used to enjoy. These include tofu, soy milk, soy burgers, soy hot dogs, soy cheese, and so on. As this occurred, a myth arose that eating too much soy could cause men’s bodies to acquire feminine features. That’s because soy contains isoflavones, which are very similar to estrogen, the hormone that produces female characteristics in women. And actually, there were two reported cases of this actually happening, but in both cases, the men had other health conditions, and they were consuming unusually large amounts of soy.
西方許多素食主義者食用大量的黃豆製品來取代過往喜歡的動物製品。這些產品包括豆腐、豆漿、素漢堡、素熱狗、素起司之類等等。這時有項迷思開始流傳:食用過多的黃豆製品會讓男性身體出現女性特徵。那是因為黃豆含有大豆異黃酮,這與雌激素十分類似,也就是讓女人出現女性特徵的賀爾蒙。事實上曾有兩起案例真實發生,但在案例中,這兩名男子都有其他的健康問題,而且他們食用的量多得不尋常。

語音播放:

To this day studies have found no evidence that there is any danger for men to eat soy, and it will definitely not make men change into women. This false idea was probably spread by people who think a vegetarian diet is less “manly” than eating meat. Asian cultures have been consuming soy products for thousands of years without problems. Soy is a healthy addition to anybody’s diet, vegetarian or not, because it is a highly nutritious, vitamin-rich complete protein.
直到今日,研究發現沒有任何證據顯示男性食用黃豆製品有風險,也完全沒有證據說明男性食用黃豆製品會變成女性。這項錯誤的看法可能是那些認為吃素比吃肉還陰柔的人所散播。亞洲文化已經食用黃豆製品好幾千年了都沒有問題。不論你是否吃素,黃豆製品都是一項健康的食物, 因為它不但高營養而且包含完全蛋白素。

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. emitter (n) a thing which emits something (usually pollution) 發射者,發出者
The coal factory was found to be the biggest emitter of CO2 in the country. 
煤炭工廠被發現是我國最大的二氧化碳排放者。

2. greenhouse gas (n) gases that contribute to global warming    溫室氣體
Methane, which is produced by cows, is one of the worst greenhouse gases.   
牛隻製造的甲烷是最糟的溫室氣體之一。

3. consume (v) eat or drink  食用,飲用,消耗,消費
The people of the Czech Republic consume more beer than any other country. 
捷克共和國的人們比其他國家的人飲用更多的啤酒。

4. animal-derived (adj) derived/obtained from animals 動物製品
Do you sell any non-animal-derived shoes?   
你們有販售任何非動物製品的鞋品嗎?

5. myth (n) a common idea that is wrong  迷思
The belief that feeling cold can make you catch a cold is actually a myth.
覺得冷會讓你感冒其實只是個迷思。

6. feminine (adj) related to women  女性的
Jack is not embarrassed to embrace his feminine side.
Jack不覺得展現女性特質很丟臉。

7. nutritious (adj) providing lots of nutrition  有營養的
Oatmeal with berries is a very nutritious choice for breakfast.
燕麥片佐莓果是非常有營養的早餐選項。

Phrases and Sentence Patterns 句型解析

1. chief among sth. is (phr) the main one of sth. is 最主要的,最重要的
Chief among our considerations is that opening a business in these tough economic times will not be easy.     
我們最主要的考量是,在這個經濟蕭條的時代開創事業不是件簡單的事。

2. S + V + in an attempt to V (sentence pattern) to do something in order to achieve a certain goal  企圖,試圖,嘗試
Susan sent Rick a box of chocolates in an attempt to apologize for what she had done.   
Susan寄給Rick一盒巧克力試著要為她的行為道歉。

3. to this day (phr) until now, up to now  直到現在
To this day we still don’t really know how exactly the ancient Egyptians built the pyramids.     
直到現今,我們依然不太清楚古埃及人是如何建造金字塔的。

Exercise 課後練習題

1. Thanks to the new environmental agreement signed by our nation, all major carbon dioxide ____________ in the country will be fined.
由於我們國家簽訂新的環境同意書,這個國家所有主要的二氧化碳排放者都會被罰款。

2. CO2 is the most well-known _______________, but others such as methane are in fact worse.
CO2是最著名的溫室氣體,但其他像是甲烷事實上更糟。

3. It is illegal to _______________ large quantities of alcohol before driving.
開車前飲用大量酒精是非法的。

4. Eggs, leather, and ivory are all ______________ products.
蛋、皮革及象牙都是動物製品。

5. There’s a ______________ in my country that drinking orange juice can cure the common cold.
我的國家有個迷思說喝柳橙汁可以治療一般性的感冒。

6. Jasmine wears tight clothing and lots of makeup to draw attention to her ______________ features.
Jasmine穿著緊身的衣服與化妝讓人注意到她的女性特徵。

7. Do you have anything _______________ on this menu, or is it all just deep fried food?
菜單上有任何有營養的食物嗎?或者上面都是油炸的食物?

8. There were many complaints brought up during the meeting. _____________ was the lack of interest in the upcoming event.

會議中提出許多抱怨,主要是對即將到來的活動沒有興趣。

9. _______________ impress Cherry, Donald dove backwards into the swimming pool.
Donald試圖讓Cherry印象深刻,他後空翻跳進游泳池。

10. _______________ no human has ever walked on the surface of Mars.
直到現今,沒有人曾在火星表面上走路。

解答:
1. emitters
2. greenhouse gas
3. consume
4. animal-derived
5. myth
6. feminine
7. nutritious
8. Chief among
9. In an attempt to
10. To this day

Comprehension Questions 閱讀理解

1. Which of the following is not a reason why a myth developed about soy and its estrogen-like compounds?   
a. Soy contains isoflavones, which are like estrogen.  
b. A couple of men acquired feminine features after eating too much soy.   
c. Some people consider the vegetarian diet womanly.
d. People in Asia consume large amounts of soy.

2. What is the conclusion of the article?   
a. The myth about soy is incorrect and soy consumption is encouraged.
b. It’s better to be safe and not consume too much soy if you are a man.
c. Soy and soy-based products are healthy mainly for vegetarians.
d. These days Westerners are consuming more soy products than Asians.  

解答:

1. 以下選項何者不是造成黃豆製品以及類雌激素產生這段迷思的原因?
a. 黃豆製品含有大豆異黃酮,類似雌激素。
b. 有兩位男子吃進大量黃豆製品後產生女性特徵。
c. 有些人覺得素食餐很女性化。
d. 亞洲人食用大量黃豆製品。

2. 文章的結論為何?
a. 有關黃豆製品的迷思 是錯誤的,鼓勵人們食用黃豆製品。   
b. 安全至上,如果你是男性,不要食用過多黃豆製品。
c. 黃豆及黃豆製品主要對素食主義者很健康。
d. 現今西方人比亞洲人食用更多的黃豆製品。

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