Why Does Everybody Wear Green on St. Patrick’s Day?
為什麼大家在聖派翠克節穿著綠色的衣服?

語音播放:

In the 5th century lived a man named Patrick who was kidnapped from Britain at the age of 16, part of the Roman Empire at the time, and brought to Ireland as a slave. He escaped, but later returned and brought Christianity to the people of Ireland. After his death, stories about his life became more and more ingrained in Irish culture. For example, one story talks about how he used the three-leaved clover, a plant that is associated with Irish culture to this day, to explain the Christian concept of the three aspects of God (the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) to the Irish people.
西元五世紀,有一位名叫Patrick的人,在16歲那年從當時為羅馬帝國領土的英格蘭被綁架到愛爾蘭當奴隸。他逃跑了,但之後又回到愛爾蘭並將天主教傳給愛爾蘭人。他過世後,他的人生故事也深入愛爾蘭文化。譬如,有則故事講到他利用三葉草,也就是到現在還與愛爾蘭文化息息相關的一種植物,為愛爾蘭人民解釋天主教的三位一體(聖父、聖子、聖靈)的教義。

語音播放:

Starting in the ninth or tenth century, the Irish began to celebrate the death of Saint Patrick on March 17 of every year. Because many Irish have settled in North America in the last 300 years, St. Patrick’s Day festivities have also caught on in a big way in both Canada and the US. These festivities include music, feasts, and street parades.
自九或十世紀開始,愛爾蘭人開始在每年的3月17日這天舉辦聖派翠克的逝世紀念日。因為過去三百年來有許多愛爾蘭人定居在北美,聖派翠克的節慶也在加拿大及美國兩處大規模地流行。這些慶祝活動包括有音樂與食物饗宴,及街頭遊行。

語音播放:

But the one thing that people most commonly think of when it comes to St. Patrick’s Day is the wearing of green clothing. Green is the color associated with St. Patrick and Ireland itself. If you forget to wear at least one (or preferably more) green item on St. Patrick’s Day, you might invite criticism from your friends, classmates, or coworkers. Another popular activity on St. Patrick’s Day is to drink beer with one’s friends, and many pubs, overflowing with people on March 17, even dye their beer green for that one day.
但有一件只要到聖派翠克節大家大多會想到的是 穿戴綠色的衣物。綠色這顏色與聖派翠克與愛爾蘭自身文化有關。假如這一天你忘記至少穿戴一件(多件更好)綠色的衣物飾品,你可能會遭到朋友、同學或同事的批評。聖派翠克節另一項受人歡迎的活動就是和朋友一起喝啤酒,3月17日這天許多酒吧擠得水洩不通,他們甚至為了這一天將啤酒染成綠色。

1. kidnap (v) to take someone captive, usually for a ransom  綁架
The criminal kidnapped the rich man’s son and demanded a million dollar ransom for his return. 
罪犯綁架富人的兒子,並要求一百萬美元的贖金才放人。

2. slave (n) a person owned by another person and forced to work  奴隸
It was common for rich people to own slaves in the Roman Empire.
在羅馬帝國有錢人擁有奴隸是很普遍的。

3. ingrain (v) establish  使根深蒂固,使深深地印在腦中
If children are taught to be polite at a young age, this behavior will become ingrained in their minds.
假如孩子年紀還小時就被教導要有禮貌,這個行為將會深深地印在他們的腦海中。

4. aspect (n) a part or feature  外觀,樣子;方面,觀點;(文)體;部分
Having a positive attitude can improve many aspects of one’s life.
正面的態度可以改善生活中許多層面。

5. festivities (n) (usually plural, countable) activities associated with a festival  慶典,慶祝活動
The school’s Halloween festivities will begin at 9 AM.   
學校的萬聖節慶祝活動將在早上九點開始。

6. overflow (v) spill over because too full  氾濫,溢出;充滿,洋溢
Jenny filled her glass with beer too quickly, causing it to overflow.
Jenny倒啤酒倒得太快,結果溢出來了。

7. dye (v) to permanently color something, such as hair, liquid, or fabric  染色
Misty is thinking of dyeing her hair green.
Misty想把頭髮染成綠色。

Phrases and Sentence Patterns 句型解析

1. to this day (phr) until now  直到今日
To this day, no person has ever walked on the surface of Mars. 
直到今日還沒有人類踏足火星表面。

2. catch on (phr) to become common, popular, or trendy   變得流行
It’s surprising how quickly fashion trends from Korea catch on in other parts of Asia.   
韓國風潮在亞洲其他地區迅速流行真令人訝異。

3. in a big way (phr) to a great extent 大規模地;到某種程度
Larry tried to help out with the project in a big way, even though he wasn’t officially on the team.      
即使Larry並不正式屬於團隊,但他在某種程度還是試著幫忙做這份計畫案。

Exercise 課後練習題

1. After being _____________, the victim was hidden away in a basement until the police found her.
受害人被綁架後就被藏匿在地下室中,直到警察找到她。

2. The maid complained that her boss treated her like a ____________.
女傭抱怨她的老闆對她像奴隸一樣。

3. Respect for elders is deeply _______________ in East Asian culture.
對長者的尊敬深植在東亞文化中。

4. It is hard to describe Tom; there are many different _______________ to his personality.
很難描述Tom這個人,他的個性有很許多不同的面貌。

5. The New Year’s ______________ went on until the early morning.
紐約慶祝活動一直持續到隔天一大早。

6. The concert hall was ______________ with passionate fans.
音樂廳被熱情的粉絲擠得水洩不通。

7. The women in this village knit their own clothing and then ______________ it with natural colors.
村莊的女子們編織他們自己的衣物,然後用天然的顏色洗染。

8. Two years ago, Barbara’s cat ran away and _______________ she still doesn’t know what happened to it.
兩年前,Barbara的貓跑掉了,直到今天她還不知道在哪裡。

9. Has this song ______________ in your country yet?
這首歌在你的國家流行起來了嗎?

10. Harry Potter is popular ______________ among boys and girls alike in my school.
哈利波特同樣很受到我們學校男孩與女孩的歡迎。

解答:
1. kidnapped
2. slave
3. ingrained
4. aspects
5. festivities
6. overflowing
7. dye
8. to this day
9. caught on
10. in a big way

Comprehension Questions 閱讀理解

1. Which of the following does the passage NOT discuss?
a. The historical background of St. Patrick’s Day.
b. The life of St. Patrick himself.
c. Common methods of celebrating St. Patrick’s Day.
d. Typical foods eaten on St. Patrick’s Day.

2. Why do people wear green on St. Patrick’s Day?
a. The color is tied to Irish culture and St. Patrick.
b. Beer in Ireland is typically green.
c. It is the main color of the Irish flag.
d. It represents nature.

解答:
1. 以下選項何者在內文中並未提及?
a. 聖派翠克日的歷史背景。
b. 聖派翠克的一生。
c. 常見的聖派翠克日的慶典活動。
d. 聖派翠克節當天吃的代表性食物。

2. 為何人們在聖派翠克節會穿著綠色?
a. 這顏色與愛爾蘭文化與聖派翠克有關。
b. 愛爾蘭的啤酒通常是綠色。
c. 這是愛爾蘭國旗的主色。
d. 這顏色代表大自然。

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