Service Dogs: More Than a Friend
輔助犬:不僅僅是朋友

語音播放:

Dogs are often called “man’s best friend”, but did you know that many people rely on dogs to help them in daily life. These types of dogs are known as service dogs. A service dog is trained to help a person with a disability. For example, guide dogs help people who can’t see, and hearing dogs help people who can’t hear.

狗常被稱為「人類最好的朋友」,但你知道嗎,許多人在日常生活中都依賴狗來幫助他們。這些類型的狗被稱為輔助犬。輔助犬被訓練來幫助殘疾人士。例如,導盲犬幫助看不見的人,助聽犬幫助聽不見的人。

語音播放:

For people who are blind, guide dogs are trained to lead them so they can move around safely. They help them walk upstairs, cross busy roads, and avoid bumping into things. Another type of service dog is a hearing dog. These dogs help deaf people listen for specific sounds, such as a phone ringing, a knock at the door, or a baby crying. Instead of barking, hearing dogs will lead their owners to the source of the sound.

對於盲人,導盲犬被訓練引導他們,以便他們能夠安全地四處走動。他們幫助他們走上樓、穿過繁忙的道路、避免撞到東西。另一種輔助犬是助聽犬。這些狗幫助聾子聽特定的聲音,如電話鈴響、敲門聲或嬰兒哭聲。助聽犬不會吠叫,而是會引導它們的主人找到聲音的來源。

語音播放:

Service dogs keep their owners safe by taking notice of the environment. The human’s role is to provide commands, while the dog’s role is to act as their eyes and ears. However, the value of service dogs goes beyond safety. Living with a disability can be very lonely. Service dogs give people the freedom to go out of the house more, while also providing a loving life-long companion.

輔助犬通過注意環境來保護主人的安全。人的角色是提供命令,而狗的角色是充當他們的眼睛和耳朵。然而,輔助犬的價值不僅在於安全性。有殘疾的人生活會很孤獨。輔助犬給人們更多走出家門的自由,同時也提供了一個充滿愛心的終身伴侶。

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. service (adj) intended to provide help or assistance 服務
People who work in the service industry deal with the public every day.
在服務業工作的人每天都與公眾打交道。

2. disability (n) a physical or mental condition that means prevents full use of the body or brain殘疾
Polio is a serious disease that can cause disability or death.
脊髓灰質炎是一種嚴重的疾病,可導致殘疾或死亡。

3. upstairs (adv) on or to an upper floor of a building樓上
Susan went upstairs to use the bathroom.
Susan上樓去上廁所。

4. specific (adj) connected with one thing only; definite明確的
The money was collected for a specific purpose.
這筆錢是為特定目的而募集的。

5. environment (n) the surrounding conditions and circumstances 環境
Mary needs to live in an environment without mess.
Mary需要生活在一個沒有髒亂的環境中。

6. command (n) an order given to a person or animal命令
You must obey the captain’s commands.
你必須服從隊長的命令。

7. companion (n) a person or an animal that spends time with you陪伴
Sam was an entertaining dinner companion.
Sam是一個有趣的晚餐同伴。

Phrases and Sentence Patterns 句型解析

1. rely on (phr) to to require someone or something for support or help. 依靠
You can’t rely on your parents to pay your bills your whole life.
你不能一輩子都靠父母付帳。

2. go beyond +N (phr) to exceed expectations or requirements. 超過+N
The teacher awards extra points to students who go beyond the basic outline for the project.
老師給超出報告基本大綱的學生加分。

Exercise 課後練習題

1. The restaurant has a full _________area and bar with great selection of wine and beer.
餐廳設有整套服務區和酒吧,供應各種葡萄酒和啤酒。

2. Jenny never let her __________ stop her from achieving her dreams.
Jenny從不讓她的殘疾阻止她實現她的夢想。

3. The doctor told Jane to follow him ________, and he would treat her back pain.
醫生叫Jane跟著他上樓,他會治療她的背痛。

4. She dropped Jonathan off and told him to meet her at a _________time and place.
她讓Jonathan下車,叫他在特定的時間和地點見她。

5.The government should do more to stop pollution and protect the natural ____________.
政府應該採取更多措施制止污染和保護自然環境。

6. The police said Ben ignored their ______________ to stop, so they had to arrest him.
警方說Ben無視他們叫他停止的命令,所以他們必須逮捕他。

7. She lived in my grandmother’s house and acted as her daily ____________.
她住在我祖母的家裡,並充當她的日常伴侶。

8. Some people still _______________wood fires to heat their houses.
有些人仍然依靠柴火來取暖。

9. This year’s sales figures ______________the target set at the beginning of the year.
今年的銷售數字超出了年初設定的目標。

解答:
1.service
2.disability
3.upstairs
4.specific
5.environment
6.commands
7.companion
8.rely on
9.go beyond

Comprehension Questions 閱讀理解

1. Which of the following statements is true according to the article?
a. Service dogs are trained to take care of babies.
b. Service dogs are usually blind or deaf.
c. Deaf people have dogs because they are cute.
d. Blind people use service dogs to cross the street safely.

2. Why does the article mention two types of dogs?
a. To provide examples of different service dogs.
b. To introduce the most friendly dogs.
c. To help blind people move around.
d. To show how smart dogs can be.

1. 根據文章,以下陳述何者屬實?
a. 輔助犬被訓練來照顧嬰兒。
b. 輔助犬通常是瞎的或聾的。
c. 聾人養狗是因為它們很可愛。
d. 盲人使用輔助犬以安全過馬路。

2. 為什麼文章提到兩種狗?
a. 提供不同輔助犬的例子。
b. 介紹最友好的狗。
c. 幫助盲人四處走動。
d. 來展示狗能有多聰明。

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