Palau’s Jellyfish Lake: What Happened to All the Jellyfish?

帛琉的水母湖:水母們發生了什麼事?

語音播放:

Palau is a beautiful island country in the Pacific Ocean near the Philippines and Indonesia. Made up of over 250 islands, Palau attracts over 100,000 tourists per year, who come to enjoy sunbathing and various water activities. One of the most popular attractions in Palau is Jellyfish Lake, a lake filled with a special kind of golden jellyfish on an uninhabited island called Eil Malk. Tourists can go snorkeling among thousands of these beautiful animals, which don’t sting.

帛琉是位於太平洋的一座美麗島國,靠近菲律賓及馬來西亞。帛琉由250個以上的小島組成,每年都會吸引10萬以上的旅客前來享受浮潛及各種水上活動。其中一個最為知名的帛琉景點就是水母湖,位於無人島Eil Malk,且充滿著金色的特殊水母種的湖泊。旅客們可以和上千個美麗又不螫人的生物一同浮潛。

語音播放:

However, recently the tours to Jellyfish Lake have stopped, because it appears that the lake is running out of jellyfish. In the past, the lake contained about 8 million jellyfish. A few years ago, scientists claimed that number was down to 600,000, and now there seems to be just about none.

然而,近期前往水母的旅行團已被終止,因湖中已無水母。以前,湖中有近八百萬隻水母。幾年前,科學家們聲稱水母數目已銳減至六十萬隻,而現在,看來水母已近絕跡。

語音播放:

The jellyfish aren’t dying off because of the tourists, as you might have guessed. Actually, the causes may be more complex. The Pacific Ocean is getting warmer due to El Niño and global warming, which is causing less rain in Palau. Less rain means that Jellyfish Lake is getting saltier, which may explain what’s happening to the jellyfish.
你可能會猜測,但這些水母不是因為旅客而開始滅種。事實上,原因可能更加複雜。太平洋的水溫因為聖嬰現象及全球暖化的關係而逐漸上升,因為如此而使得帛琉的降雨量減少。雨量減少表示水母湖的湖水鹽分增加,這可能解釋了水母湖現正發生的事情。

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. jellyfish (n) a sea creature with tentacles  水母
Jellyfish has a crunchy, jelly-like texture when eaten.
水母吃起來有脆脆及果凍般的口感。

2. sunbathing (n) lying in the sun  日光浴
After sunbathing all day, Sheila’s body was all red. 
在一整天的日光浴後,Sheila的身體整個泛紅。

3. uninhabited (adj) with nobody living there  無人居住的,杳無人跡的
This forest is popular for trekkers but remains uninhabited. 
這座森林很受拖車旅行者的歡迎,但依舊杳無人跡。

4. snorkeling (n) like scuba diving but you only stay on the surface with no oxygen tank  浮潛
Snorkeling is a popular activity on Green Island.
浮潛在綠島是一種非常受歡迎的活動。

5. sting (v) when a bee, wasp, or jellyfish ‘bites’ you  刺,螫,叮
Nick screamed in pain when he got stung by the wasp.    
Nick被黃蜂螫到時因疼痛而哇哇大叫。

6. complex (adj) complicated or with many factors  複雜的,錯綜複雜的;難懂的
The Tokyo subway map is so complex that even many locals can’t figure it out.
東京的地鐵路線圖複雜到即便是當地的東京人,也有許多人看不懂。

Phrases and Sentence Patterns 句型解析

1. made up of (phr) consist of  由…組成
Our team is made up of three salespersons and one product manager.  
我們的團隊是由三名銷售業務及一名產品經理所組成的。

2. run out of (phr) to not have any anymore  用完;耗盡
Emily, we’ve run out of sugar. Could you buy some on the way home?   
Emily,糖用完了。回家途中可以買些糖回來嗎?

3. die off (phr) to all die  絕種,滅絕
The dinosaurs died off 65 million years ago.
恐龍在6500萬年前相繼死去。

Exercise 課後練習題

1. What’s the difference between an octopus and a ____________?
章魚和水母有何不同?

2. If you plan to go _______________ on the beach, you had better wear sunscreen.
如果你打算去海邊做日光浴,你最好擦一些防曬乳。

3. This castle has been ______________ since the royal family moved out.
自從皇室家族搬走後,這座城堡就一直無人居住。

4. We saw two turtles and a shark when we were ______________!
我們在浮潛時,看到兩隻海龜和一隻鯊魚!

5. They looked up some advice on what to do if they got ______________ by a jellyfish.
他們在尋求如果被水母困住該怎麼做的建議。

6. This software is so ______________ that only computer engineers can use it.
這套軟體的複雜度太高,只有電腦工程師能使用。

7. The committee is _______________ 140 members.
委員會由140名成員所組成。

8. If you ____________ coffee, just signal the waitress to bring you more.
如果你的咖啡喝完了,只要對服務生示意,他就會再幫你添加咖啡。

9. If humans _____________, which species will take over the world?
如果人類滅絕的話,那會是哪一個物種掌管世界呢?

解答:
1.jellyfish
2.sunbathing
3.uninhabited
4.snorkeling
5.stung
6.complex
7.made up of
8.run out of
9.die off

Comprehension Questions 閱讀理解

1. Which of the following is true?
a. Nobody lives on Eil Malk island.
b. Snorkeling with the jellyfish is a very popular activity today.
c. The jellyfish can hurt you if you touch them.
d. People like to go sunbathing beside Jellyfish Lake.

2. Which of the following is an indirect cause of the jellyfish dying off?
a. Air pollution around the world.
b. Tourists snorkeling in the lake.
c. Too many tourists visiting Palau.
d. Too much garbage being thrown into Jellyfish Lake.

1. 下面選項何者敘述正確?
a. Eil Malk島是座無人島。
b. 現今,和水母一同浮潛是非常受歡迎的活動。
c. 如果你碰觸水母的話,水母是能夠傷害你的。
d. 人們喜歡在水母湖畔做日光浴。

2. 下列選項何者是間接導致水母滅絕的原因?
a. 全球空氣污染。
b. 湖中浮潛的旅客。
c. 太多旅客造訪帛琉。
d. 太多垃圾被丟到水母湖中。

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