Can Vitamin C really Cure a Cold?
維他命 C 真的能治感冒嗎?

語音播放:

People all over the world have various tricks for curing the cold. One of the most common is to load up on vitamin C by either eating lots of oranges or taking vitamin C pills. Does it really work?

全世界的人都有不同的秘訣來治療感冒。最常見的就是多吃維他命C,不是吃很多橘子就是服用維他命C錠。但那真的有用嗎?

語音播放:

Scientific studies say no. So far, no strong evidence has been produced to support this theory. So why do so many of us still believe it? In 1970, a famous scientist and Nobel Prize winner named Linus Pauling made this idea popular. In his study, test subjects took huge amounts of vitamin C, such as 200 times the recommended daily dose. His theory became really popular, but it just never proved to be true.

科學研究說沒用。到目前為止都沒有強而有力的證據能支持這個理論。因此為何我們這麼多人都還相信呢?1970年,一位有名的科學家暨諾貝爾獎得主Linus Pauling讓這個想法變得受人歡迎。在他的研究中,實驗對象服用大量維他命C,像是每日建議的200倍之多。他的理論變得很受歡迎,但卻從未證明真假。

語音播放:

So can vitamin C at least help to prevent colds? Even that we aren’t sure about. Still, vitamin C can have many other positive effects on our health. For example, it’s good for our teeth, bones, skin, and more. So we aren’t saying don’t take vitamin C. Just don’t take it thinking that it will make your cold vanish!

維他命C至少有助預防感冒吧?我們甚至不確定。但是,維他命C對我們的健康依然有許多助益。譬如,對牙齒、骨骼、皮膚及其他身體部位都有幫助。因此我們不能說要停止服用維他命C。只要別以為服用維他命C會讓感冒消失就好了!

Vocabulary 好字精選

1. cure (v) make a disease go away  治療、療癒
They were able to cure Mrs. Henderson’s cancer. 
他們能夠治癒海德森夫人的癌症了。

2. trick (n) tactic  竅門,花招,詭計
Let me show you a trick for fixing that broken watch. 
讓你看看我修理的壞掉手錶的竅門。

3. theory (n) an proposed idea to explain a phenomenon  理論,學說,原理
The theory that the world is flat was proven false hundreds of years ago.
世界是平的理論數百年前就被證實是錯誤的。

4. dose (n) the amount of a medication one takes  (藥)一劑,一服
The doctor recommended a dose of 20mg, to be taken three times per day.
醫生建議一劑藥量20毫克,一天服用三次。

5. vanish (v) disappear  消失,突然不見
Have you seen my keys? They seem to have vanished.
你看到我的鑰匙了嗎?他們似乎不見了。

Phrases and Sentence Patterns 句型解析

1. load up on (phr) take/use/get a lot of  (攝取、吃)很多
Load up on fruit and veggies and reduce your meat intake. That’s one way to be healthier!    
多吃水果及蔬菜,減少肉類攝取。這是變得較健康的方法之一!

2. either A or B (phr) either one of A or B  不是A就是B
They agreed to meet again on either Friday or Saturday.
他們同意周五或週六再次碰面。

3. so far (phr) until now  到目前為止
Does the medicine seem to be working so far?  
目前為止藥物有效用嗎?

4. S + make + O + adj/pp/v (sentence pattern)  使…成為…
The couple made it known to their families that they planned to get married soon. 
這對戀人向他們的家人宣布他們即將要結婚的消息。

Exercise 課後練習題

1. Doctors still haven’t found a way to ____________ this rare disease.
醫生依然找不到方法來治療這種罕見的疾病。

2. Here’s a simple _______________: restart your computer and the problem should be solved.
這裡有個簡單的秘訣:電腦重開機,然後問題應該就解決了。

3. All the evidence proved that the scientist’s _______________ was wrong.
所有的證據證明那位科學家的理論是錯誤的。

4. Never take more than the recommended ______________ of a medicine.
永遠不要服用超過建議的劑量。

5. Every day, more and more animals ______________ from the earth due to pollution and human activities.
因為地球上的污染與人類行為,每天都有愈來愈多動物消失。

6. ______________ on oily food right before you play sports is a bad idea.
運動前吃很多油膩的食物是個壞主意。

7. Amy said she would be happy with _______________ Thai ______________ Vietnamese food tonight.
Amy說今晚不論吃泰國菜或越南菜她都會很開心。

8. ____________, not a single player has been able to win this video game.
到目前為止,沒有任何一名玩家可以贏過這組電玩。

9. Watching sunsets really _____________ Brad happy.
觀賞黃昏真的讓Brad很開心。

解答:
1.cure
2.trick
3.theory
4.dose
5.vanish
6.Loading up
7.either/or
8.So far
9.makes

Comprehension Questions 閱讀理解

1. What is the main idea of the article? 
a. Vitamin C can neither cure the cold nor prevent it.
b. Vitamin C can prevent the cold but can’t cure it.
c. Vitamin C seems to have no use at all.
d. Vitamin C pills are more effective than oranges.

2. What trick does the article suggest for curing the cold?    
a. Loading up on vitamin C.
b. Taking a small amount of vitamin C.
c. Avoiding vitamin C.
d. No such advice is given.

解答:
1. 以下何者為文章的主旨?
a. 維他命C無法治療感冒,也無法預防感冒。
b. 維他命C可以預防感冒,但無法治療。
c. 維他命C似乎一點用處都沒有。
d. 維他命C藥錠比橘子更有效。

2. 這篇文章對於治療感冒的建議為何?
a. 多服用維他命C。
b. 服用少量的維他命C。
c. 避免服用維他命C。
d. 文章並未提供建議。

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